Greek word - (apolutrosis G629, lutrosis G3085)
Quiz - Choose the answer that is closest to what you think REDEMPTION is.
A - a sacrifice
B - a repayment
C - a purchase
D - a paid release
Problem - Outdated
KJV Example - "And grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption." (Ephesians 4:30)
The KJV translates two Greek words as redemption: apolutrosis and lutrosis. As you can see, they are identical except for the apo- prefix on one. Apo- means away from, but it doesn't seem to make much of a difference in meaning between these two words.
Both of these words are always translated as redemption by the KJV except for one time each (where lutrosis is redeemed and apolutrosis is deliverance).
Both of these words come from a related word, lutron, that comes from luo. Luo means to loose or release. So based solely on their etymology, these words refer to a release.
Lutron is usually translated as ransom. The meaning of ransom has changed. It used to be a payment for the release of a person or property. The person released by the payment could be a prisoner, slave, or kidnapped victim. So bail posted or a fine paid to release a person from prison is a lutron. Paying a slave owner an amount of money to free the slave is also a lutron. These two Greek words for redemption have this meaning.
Redemption is the noun of redeem. I have written a separate article on redeem (the verb).
Redemption is a payment for the release of a person or property. It is also the release itself.
Even though the release has been paid for by the blood of Jesus and those who are Christians have it, the actual release is still in the future as the above verse (Ephesians 4:30) shows. On the day of redemption, Christians will be released from the chains of sin and the physical body. We will be free because of the price that Jesus paid on the cross. This is redemption.
I translate these two Greek words as "paid release".
Modern Synonym - paid release
Bible Version Tally (how other versions translate this word) - redemption (37 of 50), set free (10 of 50), rescue (1 of 50)
Breakthrough Version - "And don't make God's Sacred Spirit sad, in whom you were sealed to the day of the paid release." (Ephesians 4:30)
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